Though some treatments for the disorder exist, and there is some promising research, no one treatment is likely to be effective for everyone. PTSD often brings with it other mental health disorders, like depression and addiction, so finding treatments that work can help on many levels.
Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) appears to help ease veterans' PTSD symptoms, a new study finds. In MBSR, the goal is to reduce a person’s stress levels by learning to attend to one’s thoughts and experiences in new ways, without judging or resisting, but rather, just accepting them.
The researchers randomly assigned half of the participants, 116 veterans who had been diagnosed with PTSD, to receive eight sessions of MBSR. The participants in this group were taught three forms of meditation: one was a body scan, which involves focusing on the different parts of the body, one by one; another was a sitting meditation in which participants learn to observe their thoughts in new and nonjudgmental ways; and a third was mindful yoga, which involves yoga movements directed to the body in various ways. In addition, they also did a daylong silent retreat.
For those who’d had done the MBSR training, 49% experienced a significant improvement in symptom severity versus only 28% in the present-centered group therapy.
Two months after the respective treatments, the participants were asked about what PTSD symptoms they were still experiencing and how severe they were. For those who’d done the MBSR training, 49% experienced a significant improvement in symptom severity versus only 28% in the present-centered group therapy.
When it came to “loss of diagnosis” (that is, whether they were no longer diagnosable as having PTSD), however, there was no significant difference between the two groups — 53% of participants in the MBSR group versus 47% in the present-centered group therapy group qualified for loss of diagnosis — so both forms are effective in about half the participants.
One caveat in the current study is that the average age of the veterans was 58, most having served in the Vietnam War, so it’s unclear how or if the results might be different in younger veterans. And people with PTSD not related to war would also need to be included in future studies.
But, in the meantime, mindfulness-based stress reduction may be worth trying. It may not be a cure-all for PTSD, but it's another tool to help manage symptoms over the long-term, and maybe even help them disappear.