The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), the federal panel responsible for setting guidelines for use of vaccines in the United States, has issued its 2012 clinical guidelines for adult immunizations. Doctors refer to the guidelines when recommending vaccinations for their patients.
Diabetics have more than twice the risk of contracting hepatitis B than do non-diabetics.
There were significant changes to the vaccinations recommended for young men and boys, pregnant women, and diabetics.
Hepatitis B vaccination is now recommended for adult diabetics under the age of 60. This recommendation is based on the fact that diabetics have more than twice the risk of contracting hepatitis B than do non-diabetics.
The new guidelines extend the call for routine vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) to all boys and young men between the ages of 11 and 21. The HPV vaccine has already been recommended for females aged 11 to 26. HPV vaccination is also recommended for men up to age 26 who engage in same-sex relations.
The ACIP now advises that pregnant women receive the tetanus, diptheria and pertussis (Tdap) vaccine after 20 weeks' gestation. The previous recommendation called for vaccination of the mother after delivery. The change in timing allows the fetus to benefit from the mother's immune response prior to birth. The new recommendation supplements existing guidelines that call for vaccinating family members and other close contacts of children less than 12 months old.